Definitions

What is the definition of migration?

The meaning of Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location. So what is migration actually and which types of migrations are there? The movement is often over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible; indeed, this is the dominant form globally. People may migrate as individuals, in family units or in large groups. A person who moves from their home to another place because of natural disaster or civil disturbance may be described as a refugee or, especially within the same country, a displaced person. A person seeking refuge from political, religious, or other forms of persecution is usually described as an asylum seeker.

Who is an asylum seeker?

An asylum seeker (also rarely called an asylee) is a person who flees his or her home country, ‘spontaneously’ enters another country and applies for asylum, i.e. the right to international protection, in this other country. An asylum seeker may be a refugee, a displaced person or a migrant, such as an economic migrant. A person becomes an asylum seeker by making a formal application for the right to remain in another country and keeps that status until the application has been concluded. The relevant immigration authorities of the country of asylum determine whether the asylum seeker will be granted protection and becomes an officially recognised refugee or whether asylum is refused and the person becomes an illegal immigrant who has to leave the country again and may even be deported.

What is immigration?

Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

Which types of refugees are there?

There are many types of refugees, such as: Asylum seeker, Cannabis refugee, Conservation refugee, Environmental migrant, Forced displacement, Internally displaced person, LGBTQ migration, Palestinian refugees, Internally displaced Palestinians, Refugee women.

Who is a refugee?

A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition). Such a person may be called an asylum seeker until granted refugee status by the contracting state or the UNHCR if they formally make a claim for asylum.

What does Emigration mean?

Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere. It is the acts of migration across national or other geographical boundaries.